Florida Geological Survey

Warm Mineral Springs Water Quality
 
Analytes 1927 1930 1943 1962 1972 2003 2016
Temperature F - - 86 84 85.1 86.3 88
DO - - - - 1 0.37 -
pH - - 7.0 7.2 7.3 7.06 7.16

pH is a measure of how acidic/basic water is. The range goes from 0 - 14, with 7 being neutral. pHs of less than 7 indicate acidity, whereas a pH of greater than 7 indicates a base. pH is really a measure of the relative amount of free hydrogen and hydroxyl ions in the water. Water that has more free hydrogen ions is acidic, whereas water that has more free hydroxyl ions is basic. Since pH can be affected by chemicals in the water, pH is an important indicator of water that is changing chemically. pH is reported in "logarithmic units," like the Richter scale, which measures earthquakes. Each number represents a 10-fold change in the acidity/basicness of the water. Water with a pH of 5 is ten times more acidic than water having a pH of six.

sp. Cond - - - - - 28700 33,280

Specific conductance is a measure of the ability of water to conduct an electrical current. It is highly dependent on the amount of dissolved solids (such as salt) in the water. Pure water, such as distilled water, will have a very low specific conductance, and sea water will have a high specific conductance. Rainwater often dissolves airborne gasses and airborne dust while it is in the air, and thus often has a higher specific conductance than distilled water. Specific conductance is an important water-quality measurement because it gives a good idea of the amount of dissolved material in the water.

BOD - - - - - 1.4A -
Turbidity - - - - - 0.9 -

Turbidity is a measure of the cloudiness of water. It is measured by passing a beam of light through the water and seeing how much is reflected off particles in the water. Water cloudiness is caused by material, such as dirt and residue from leaves, that is suspended (floating) in the water. Crystal-clear water, such as Lake Tahoe (where they work hard to keep sediment from washing into the lake) has a very low turbidity. But look at a river after a storm -- it is probably brown. You're seeing all of the suspended soil in the water. Lucky for us, the materials that cause turbidity in our drinking water either settle out or are filtered before the water arrives in our drinking glass at home. Turbidity is measured in nephelometric turbidity units (NTU).

Color - - 6 5 - 5.0 -
Alkalinity - - - 130 130 131 124

Alkalinity refers to the capability of water to neutralize acid. This is really an expression of buffering capacity. A buffer is a solution to which an acid can be added without changing the concentration of available H+ ions (without changing the pH) appreciably. It essentially absorbs the excess H+ ions and protects the water body from fluctuations in pH.

Total Dissolved Solids - - - 19,000 - 17,800 21,120

Dissolved solids refer to any minerals, salts, metals, cations or anions dissolved in water. Total dissolved solids (TDS) comprise inorganic salts (principally calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, bicarbonates, chlorides, and sulfates) and some small amounts of organic matter that are dissolved in water

TSS - - - - - 7IQ -
CI 9400 9600 9400 9200 9500 10000  
CO4 1700 1700 1600 1700 1700 1700  
F - - - 2.0 1.9 1.4  
NO3+NO2asN - - - - - 0.013  
NH3+NH4 - - - - - 0.34  
TKN - - - - - 0.56  
P - - - 0.01 0.02 0.019I  
PO4 - - - 0.4 - 0.004U =
NO3 - - 1.7 - - - -
Calcium (Ca) 770 510 640 720 500 712 459

Calcium is naturally present in water. It may dissolve from rocks such as limestone, marble, calcite, dolomite, gypsum, fluorite and apatite. Calcium is a determinant of water hardness, because it can be found in water as Ca2+ ions.

K - - - 180 150 191  
Na - - - 4900 5200 5260  
Magnesium 470 630 540 480 580 616 594

Magnesium is present in seawater in amounts of about 1300 ppm. After sodium, it is the most commonly found cation in oceans. Rivers contains approximately 4 ppm of magnesium, marine algae 6000-20,000 ppm, and oysters 1200 ppm.
Dutch drinking water contains between 1 and 5 mg of magnesium per liter.
Magnesium and other alkali earth metals are responsible for water hardness. Water containing large amounts of alkali earth ions is called hard water, and water containing low amounts of these ions is called soft water.

AL - - - - - 64U  
As - - - - 10 4U  
B - - - - - 1710  
Cd - - - - - 0.5U  
Co - - - - - 2.4U  
Cr - - - - 6 5.7I  
Cu - - - - 20 15U  
Fe - - - - 40 7U  
Mn - - - - 20 2.9  
Ni - - - - - 20U  
Pb - - - - - 22U  
Ra-226 - - - - - 16.1  
Ra-228 - - - - - 1.5  
Se - - - - - 24U  
Sn - - - - - 22U  
Sr - - - - 3100 3590  
Zn - - - - 20 4U